John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE (3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was a South African-born English philologist, writer and university professor, best known as the author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. He was an Oxford professor of Anglo-Saxon language from 1925 to 1945, and Merton Professor of English language and literature from 1945 to 1959. He was a devout Roman Catholic. Tolkien was a close friend of C. S. Lewis; they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. [Source: Wikipedia]
Christopher John Reuel Tolkien (born 21 November 1924) is the youngest son of the author J. R. R. Tolkien, and is best known as the editor of much of his father’s posthumously published work. He drew the original maps for his father’s The Lord of the Rings, which he signed C. J. R. T.
Working with Guy Gavriel Kay, he was able to complete The Silmarillion, which was published in 1977. The Silmarillion was followed by Unfinished Tales in 1980, and the twelve-volume The History of Middle-earth between 1983 and 1996. In September 2006, Christopher Tolkien announced the completion of a new book, The Children of Húrin, based on notes left by his father dating from 1918 to 1959. He spent 30 years working on the project, which was published in April 2007. [Source: Wikipedia]